Biological Light

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$5.99

 

An english only educational presentation that covers the lighting methods used to maintain photosynthetic reef corals in captivity. The known science for the corals algal pigmentation and the corals colorful pigments are described in an introductory fashion. This audio slide presentation was produced in 2004, which happened to be a very interesting time in the captive coral reef market. The entire industry was in the process of switching to bluer or higher temperature lights. This video explains why that occurred. It can also be very informative to present day reef aquarists who have more options and control over their captive reef lighting systems. This educational presentation was constructed at an introductory college level, but should be considered an introduction to the biological light requirements of photosynthetic coral. There is plenty of graphic content and full audio narration by Steve Tyree, who was one of the early captive reef pioneers switching to blue lights. This presentation covers the main metal halide lamps that were available at that time. The 6,500 K, 10,000 K and 20,000 K. Those bulbs are ideally suited to explain the differences that occur with the spectral qualities of different color temperatures. The price is just $5.99, which is a significant savings over the original $27.50 CD video version price that included postage and handling. Total video run length is now 1 hour, 6 minutes and 53 seconds. This video is in mpeg mp4 format. File size is s about 280 MBytes.

Captive Oceans Package Deal

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$16.98

 

Captive Oceans series package bundling both of our Captive Oceans eBook products into one deal. Total price of $16.98 is a total savings of $3.00. Includes the Captive Oceans Volume 1 eBook The Porifera - (Living Sponges) and the Captive Oceans Volume 2 eBook The Ascidians - (Sea Squirts). Both of these ebooks are standalone products covering specific reef animals. They also cover two important filtration organisms for naturally based captive reef systems. See these two individual product descriptions for additional information.

 

Captive Oceans Vol 1

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$9.99

 

The sponges are perhaps one of the most over looked animals that captive reef aquarists have in their captive reefs. They also happen to be one of the most important animals inhabiting natural tropical reef platforms. This eBook gives living sponges (The Porifera) the importance they actually deserve. Almost every captive reef aquarium has sponges living under their reef rock or in the deep protected areas of the reef rock. Some aquarists have even purchased whole sponges typically collected from light exposed natural reef areas. This eBook begins with 5 chapters that explore the scientifically known information concerning sponges in nature. The main nutrient sources for sponges are bacteria and dissolved organics. Historically keeping sponges in captive aquariums has been difficult. One of the past problems was improper handling and collection. Most sponges must never be exposed to air. They lack the ability to clear the air from their internal feeding channels. Using sponges as a natural way to reduce dissolved organics and bacteria in captive systems has proven to be successful. In fact the author has used sponges as a primary filtration component for a natural filtration methodology. Research into that methodology was used to construct this book. Think of this book as an operational manual for the natural sponge filtration unit. The final three chapters of this book concern the captive handling, captive maintenance and captive utilization of living sponges. Price is just $9.99 which is a significant savings from the original $29.00 retail print price. That print book has actually been out of print for a few years. This book has 204 BW pages, color covers, 48 color plates, about 53,700 words, 25 species data sheets, 8 tables and 31 figures.

Captive Oceans Vol 2

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$9.99

 

 Captive Oceans Volume 2 - The Ascidians (Sea Squirts). This eBook was written during a very exciting time for the author. It was 2000/2002 and the author was working with Bill Schroer of the old Southern California reef shop Piece of the Reef. Bill was frequently travelling to the importing reef wholesalers in Los Angeles and he was finding many cool squirts. Then in 2002, he went to Ponape to work as a collector and exporter. While collecting reef animals, he found quite a few unusual sea squirts and sent them back to the author. So this sea squirt book was constructed during an unusual and rare set if occurances. It contains information on some new and exciting sea squirts, as well as describing our experiences with these exotic animals. The book however begins with seven chapters describing the known science of the Ascidians. The first chapter introduces the reader to the geological history and basic physiology. This is followed by a chapter on the exotic cells and chemicals found within squirts. Chapter 3 covers body structure and internal organs. Then a chapter on nutrition, filtration capacity and growth of sea squirts will be interesting to captive aquarists. The physical distribution of sea squirts around the planet and in specific habitats is then covered. Followed by a chapter on unique bio-active compounds, predators and the symbionts living in squirts. The final known science chapter defines life history, propagation and competition in nature. After reviewing and summarizing the known science of squirts, there are three original chapters primarily related to handling squirts in captivity. The first covers acquisition, handling and captive growth. This is followed by a chapter defining techniques and practices best utilized for captive squirts. Then we conclude with a chapter describing our experience integrating a few specific sea squirt species into captive systems. It should also be noted that this book contains a vast appendix that lists all the known ascidian genera and it was compiled from quite a few different sources. This will definitely assist with identifying sea squirt species. We believe that this eBook will be a very useful tool for captive aquarists, naturalists and ascidian scientists studying squirts in captive systems. Price is just $9.99 which is a significant savings from the original $32.00 retail print price. That print book has actually been out of print for a few years. This book has 370 BW pages, color covers, 88 color plates, about 135,000 words, 36 species data sheets, 23 tables and 34 figures. We also upgraded the color image quality for this eBook.

CMAT Volume 1

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$9.99

 

This eBook describes a natural captive filtration system that was developed by Steve Tyree during the late 1990's. The system is based on setting up low lighted or non-lighted cryptic areas where low light sponges, sea squirts and bivalves can proliferate. Aquarists can even setup a zero plumbing reef system. The electrical running costs of such a system are very minimal. The eBook details the discovery of the method starting from where it all began in 1996/1997. Steve found some strange sponge growths in his Berlin type reef system. But this book is more than just a summary of the discovery. There is an entire chapter on the history for all captive reef filtration methods commonly used up to the year 2000. Steve also spent some time searching the scientific literature to find natural evidence for this methodology in nature. An entire chapter describes how to setup this system that even includes a step by step procedure. There is also an amazing chapter on analyzing organically based systems that will enlighten the reader who is constantly thinking in the inorganic nutrient realm. Processing and properly handling organics is the key to low inorganic levels. Concepts such as water color and total bacterial density may be new to some aquarists. The information contained within this eBook is as relavent today as it was when first printed in the year 2000. After reading and understanding the concepts and the science involved, readers may never again analyze natural reef platforms or captive reef systems the same way. Price is just $9.99 which is a significant savings from the original $30 retail print price. That print book has actually been out of print for a few years. This book has 300 BW pages, color covers, 31 color plates, about 90,000 words, 30 tables and 30 figures.

 

 

 

CMAT Volume 2

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$14.99

 

First book from Steve Tyree in 16 years. An amazing eBook available for download. Contains a formal definition and operations manual for the most dominant form of natural filtration that exists on tropical reef platforms. Now backed up by the latest scientific research which is included in short quotation format. Even if you do not utilize these techniques, the reader will understand the tropical reef platform in a completely new way. The way nature intended.

Expanded Zonal

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$5.99

 

An english educational presentation that covers a natural captive reef filtration method developed in the early 2000's by Steve Tyree. This system is based upon a non-lighted cryptic filtration zone populated with living cryptic natural filtration organisms. This can be one of the most inexpensive naturally based system methods for captive reefs. This educational presentation was constructed in 2004 at a High School graduate level. However it does incorporate some of the scientific terms defining the captive reef environment. There is plenty of graphic content, a couple of videos and full audio narration by Steve Tyree. The underlying foundation for this method was determined during 1997 to 2001. By the year 2002, the original method advanced and matured into an overall zonal concept for the captive tropical reef system. This zonal based concept has been discovered to have parallels to natural tropical reef platforms. Most of the captive reef hobby and market first learned of this new zonal captive filtration method from our early book on the subject. There was also a winter of 2002 article that was printed in the Seascope free newsletter. Steve actively promoted the system for a few years, but due to the rising shipping costs and concerns for artificial filtration manufacturers, Steve stopped marketing the system actively and only promoted it passively. This presentation covers the time period from 2001 to 2004 and was meant to be a bridge between CMAT book volumes 1 and 2. Price is a just $5.99 which is a significant savings from the original $22.50 video CD price that included postage and handling. Total video length is 1 hour, 2 minutes and 8 seconds. The video is in mpeg mp4 format. File size is about 230 MBytes.

 

 

RBSC Volume 1

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$9.99

 

The book Reef Building Stony Corals - The Natural Physical Environment is a massive reference containing a review of scientific research. In a eBook format that can be carried on any handheld device, this reference contains an incredible amount of information that can be accessed any where and at any time. The author compiled the information from over 1,000 hours of academic research carried out the old fashioned way in physical libraries. The book begins with an introduction to the ocean environment. Ocean physical parameters are discussed and then stony corals themselves are formally defined. Their communities and general distribution are also generally described. The second chapter describes the reef environment where most of these stony corals are located. Topics include: the development of reefs; different reef types; reef sedimentation; coral reef islands; reef habitats and reef zones. Chapter 3 is an incredible reference that describes all the stony coral provinces and regions within the world. Information from a major UNEP three volume study was utilized. Works by the UN are available for use without restrictions. We sifted through the entire three volumes extracting information related to stony corals. Actual descriptions are given for the species types inhaiting each specific areas. Chapter 4 covers the subject of the natural light environment in a novel fashion. Scientific knowledge of light is described as it travels from the sun, through the Earth's atmosphere, through ocean water and into the stony corals symbiotic algae pigments. Topics include: physical properties; absorption in Earth's atmosphere; air and sea interface; optical properties of seawater; underwater measurements; biological capturing; biological conversion to energy; and concludes with an introduction to coral pigmentation. Chapter 5 concerns water motion in the ocean, on the coral reef and near the coral itself. Topics include: wave generated currents; tidal water movements; affects on bottom organisms; regional oceanic flows; reef water flows; coral colony water motion; techniques to analyze water motion; current disturbances and diversity; the Reynolds number; and boundary layer environments in bottom structure. The final chapter concerns natural propagation in the physical environment. Topics include: methods of natural propagation; fragmentation in nature; examples of asexual propagation; advantages of fragmentation; adaptations to fragmentation; and using fragmentation to repair natural reefs. Price is just $9.99 which is a significant savings from the original $30.00 retail print price. That print book has actually been out of print for a few years. This book has 419 BW pages, 150,000 words, color cover, 112 figures and 49 tables.

 

Stony Coral Package Deal

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$13.98

 

Stony coral package bundling two of our related products into one deal. Total price of $13.98 is a total savings of $2.00. Includes the RBSC Volume 1 eBook (Reef Building Stony Corals - The Natural Physical Environment) and the audio visual presentation video (Biological Light Requirements of Photosynthetic Corals). The video presentation expands and brings the subject of coral and algae pigmentation up to the 2004 timeframe. See these two individual product descriptions for additional information.

Zonal Package Deal

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$13.98

 

Zonal package bundling two of our related products into one deal. Total price of $13.98 is a total savings of $2.00. Includes the CMAT Volume 1 eBook (The Environmental Gradient - Cryptic Sponge and Sea Squirt Filtration Models) and the audio visual presentation video (Expanding the Zonal Concept to Natural Captive Reef Filtration). These two products cover the research for the natural cryptic zoned filtration system from 1997 to 2004. See those two individual product descriptions for additional information.